Khairulummah <p>Khairulumma having ISSN No (2790-329x) is the trilingual (English, Urdu, Arabic) biannual research journal of Islamic Studies, which publishes papers in the field of Islamic Studies and Arabic having the features of creativeness and enquiry; however, it encourages the papers dealing with the Socio-Religious issues.</p> Department of Research Jamia Ahsan-ul-Uloom Peshawar en-US Khairulummah 2790-3281 مراحل تطور كتابة السيرة النبوية ومصادرها في الأدب العربي والأردي (دراسة مقارنة) <p>The art of biography is one of the finest and highest arts in importance and status, as it sometimes reveals the cultural features that man seeks and preserves the history of nations and the conditions of ages. The biography is divided into two types:</p> <p>1) General biography</p> <p>2) Private biography</p> <p>The general biography: It deals with the lives of many people, and is intended for books of biographies, classes, and news. Private biography: It is of two types, self and other</p> <p>1) Autobiography: It revolves around the life of its writer, and it is a personal experience of an individual, where the individual himself writes his history, records his events and news, and lists his works and effects, and the days of his childhood, youth and old age, and the important events that happened to him in it - and it is called in Urdu "Aap Betty"</p> <p>2) Altruistic biography: It is a story related to the life of a person who left an impact on life that attracted him to history, and reveals the secret of his genius and uniqueness. In this regard, the Arabic is the fragrant biography of the Prophet, then the biography of the first in command and literature - and it is called in Urdu literature "Sawah Amri"</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Dr. Abdul Majeed Baghdadi Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 93 104 10.5281/zenodo.7571305 Harmonizing Interfaith Differences in Pakistan Under Islamic Directions <p>Interfaith harmony requires both the promotion of good change and the cultivation of compassion and peace among followers of many religions. People from various religious origins communicate with one another both institutionally and interpersonally, which promotes a more positive outlook on politics and other national and international contacts in various nations. A compulsory code of behavior that a person, a group of people, and society as a whole should abide by in all things of the world is the cornerstone of the humanistic idea of virtue known as conformism. Because people are flawed and make mistakes, harmony helps people to grow and build themselves to the point where they are superior, teachable, and faultless. Peace and harmony can only be maintained in society if the rights of followers of all religions, including life, property, and the pursuit of happiness, are protected. This study's purpose is to explain how Islamic teachings in Pakistan might reconcile interfaith differences. The data was collected using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The University of Gujrat, Ghazi University, DG Khan, Swabi Women University, and Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar are among the four universities where the 220 questionnaires are distributed. Through the use of graphs and tables in the excel software, the students' opinions have been examined. As well as we approached different libraries to collect material i.e., Hameed Ullah, IIUI, Islamabad, Alama Iqbal Open University, SBBWUP, and Archive library Peshawar. As a result of our research, we have concluded that Pakistan is an Islamic country that fully protects minorities in all aspects of life. This includes the freedom to practice their religion following their beliefs, to visit places of worship without hindrance, to access educational opportunities, and to seek employment anywhere. Non-Muslims are reportedly to be treated better in Pakistan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Naseem Akhter Dr Shumaila Rafiq Ms. Somia Begum Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 74 99 10.5281/zenodo.7534861 غلام عباس کے افسانوں میں شہری زندگی کی پیش کش "اوور کوٹ "اور "کتبہ" کی روشنی میں (تجزیاتی مطالعہ) <p>Every man of letters has his or her own narrative world, or distinct circle. It may be so broad or limited; but this does not matter as success of the author draws on his or her talent and skill in presenting his or her art within this circle. This should be attained meticulously. Regarding Gholam Abbas, he had relied on his own local environment while choosing his world of narration. His circle revolves within the city of Lahore in which he grew up witnessing its joys, sorrows, victories, and setbacks. With outstanding skill, he depicted its problems and cares of its people. Out of this local milieu, he attained worldwide fame through extreme locality. In this respect, he resembles the Egyptian Naguib Mahfouz, whose stories and novels took place inside the city of Cairo. The most prominent element in the stories of Gholam Abbas is shedding light on the city’s cruelty to its people, especially the working class who show contrary to what they hide and try to coexist with that painful reality. This is evident through “Over coat” and “kataba” story. His stories also highlight the image of city life, crowds, high-rise buildings, buying and selling in the city hub, the image of street vendors over bridges, traffic and its jamming during rush hours of employees. The psychological state experienced by the residents of the city is depicted, too. Also handled are the crowded city and the psychological pressures on the simple employees, and the class disparity among the people of the city, where the poor aspire to live on a level close to the rich of the city, but no way.. never.</p> Dr.Hend Abdul Haleem Mehfuz Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 134 146 10.5281/zenodo.7573396 زوجین کے باہمی رویوں کے متعلق تعلیمات سیرت اور ان کے نفسیاتی اثرات <p>Marriage is a process that is concerned with most of the adults in every society of the world. It is a bond between individuals that every individual strive to strenghten so that the life of the bonding partners becomes a cradle of peace and contentment. Despite the differences in nature, if the spouses are trained religiously and psychologically, they can live a peaceful life because in such a case, they will not consider the difference in moods as stubbornness and obstinacy.&nbsp; Rather, they will consider it as a natural phenomenon and behave accordingly with their spouse. By following this approach, the couple will enjoy a happy married life. In such matters, an insight about the teachings of the&nbsp; Prophet (peace be upon him) is indispensable. This is because the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) are effective to shape behaviors of the spouses in a prudent manner and align those behaviors with the human psychology. If the instructions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) are practiced appropriately, the married life becomes a source of happiness despite the prevalence of differences in the behaviors of the spouses. In such manner, the spouses not only follows the religious spirit but also enjoy a successful married life.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Muhammad Abdul Haq Prof .Dr Ataulrahman Prof.Dr Muhammad Tahir Khalili Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 147 157 10.5281/zenodo.7563568 Analysis of Modern Scientific Concept of Earth in the Light of Holy Quran <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Allah, the Almighty, is the creator of the entire world. He has meticulously maintained it since the beginning. He creates humans and provides them explicit instructions on how to live their lives. Depending on their actions, he will reward or punish them in the afterlife. He never strays from His own administrative or ruling policies, ideologies, methodologies, or strategies. Every creation of the cosmos is given specified fundamental traits or characters, and no changes or adjustments are detected in how they are sustained, how they are "Governed by Allah," or what material properties they contain, like His administrative policy. This is something that the Holy Quran encourages us to do. In the Holy Quran. And Science is the branch of knowledge that deals with the physical world. "How does our knowledge of the physical world expand?" is a question that must be answered in scientific inquiry. Every material in the cosmos has been endowed with unique fundamental qualities by the Almighty Allah. Only a few of those features can be discovered and applied in an integrated form when and where they are required.</em></p> <p><em>Islam created its own unique science culture and heritage at the pinnacle of its civilization's scientific achievement. It created a culture of research and knowledge that advanced and thrived under the paradigm of divine unity and universe unity and mirrored the Islamic value system. Islam has long attempted to reconcile the sacred with the mundane. In Islam, the use of knowledge and science is for the greater good and in accordance with the Creator's goals. As a result, education was viewed as a tool to achieving higher moral and spiritual goals rather than an end. In Islamic Science, unlike modern science, there is no dehumanization, abstraction, or alienation.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hafisa Saeed Muhammad Hammad Dr. Sohail Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 58 73 10.5281/zenodo.7514016 امام ابن مسکویہ کے اخلاقی نظریات اور عصر حاضر کے مسلم نوجوانوں کے لیے رہنمائی <p>Ibne Miskawayh was born in famous Ray city of Iran (born 930 A.D.-died 1030 A.D.).He was a famous philosopher, a great historian and religious scholar of 10th century. In his quest for knowledge he became a secretary, and later served as librarian and various other positions with Buyid rulers, both in Ray and Baghdad. Both Persia and Iraq were the most important centers of learning during the Abbasid period (750–1258&nbsp;CE).His scholastic works became models for generations of that time. Both Persians, Arabs Romans and even the whole of central Asians. Later on Islamic thinkers and generations had to cite him as authority in philosophical and historical works. His works included history, poetry, philosophy, ethics and the study of alchemy. They are literary master pieces of his times. His most notable contributions, however, were in&nbsp;<a href="">ethics</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="">history</a>. His legendary&nbsp;<a href="">moral</a>&nbsp;<a href="">discourse</a>&nbsp;Tahdhīb al-akhlāq,&nbsp;is said to be influenced by the neo-platonic concept, is considered one of the best statements of&nbsp;<a href="">Islamic philosophy</a>. The Islamic philosopher Naṣīr al-Dīn Ṭūsī (died 1274) modelled his&nbsp;Akhlāq Naṣīrī&nbsp;(“The Naṣīrī Ethics”) on the&nbsp;Tahdhīb al-akhlāq. His universal history&nbsp;Kitāb tajarīb al-umam wa ta’aqub al-ḥimam&nbsp;was noted for its use of all available sources and greatly stimulated the development of Islamic historiography. Ibne Miskawayh blended the classical Arabic literary culture of&nbsp;adab&nbsp;and philosophical thought processes of Greek and Romans. Thus Miskawayh is known to be harmonizing not only the various trends within Greek ancient philosophy, but also made an attempt to rationalize the Islamic tradition through philosophical thought processes. This research paper brings out mainly an objective investigation of the Islamic moral dimensions of Ibne Miskawayh works and its utilitarian importance for present young generation and contemporary Academics.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Jamshid ‪Dr. Muqaddas Ullah Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-11-05 2022-11-05 2 01 1 12 10.5281/zenodo.7294462 خواتین ڈاکٹروں کے مسائل : اسباب اور اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں ان کا حل <p>Women have contributed a lot in all aspects of national development of Pakistan since its emergence. Medical is also one of those fields which require them to join and perform their responsibilities as it is the important one. Thousands of female doctors are working in hospitals, Clinics and other medical institutions and playing their roles in a very fruitful way. Their work and participation will always be acknowledged by the people and government of Pakistan. In this article, the problems and difficulties are explained which are faced by female doctors in their professional life. These problems are multi-dimensional and they require special attention of not only government of Pakistan but private medical institutions also. Society and family members are also required to be careful in this regard. The study is based on Qualitative and Quantitative data taken from surveys and academic scholarship.</p> Raja Muhammad Tayyab Bhatti Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-11-16 2022-11-16 2 01 13 32 10.5281/zenodo.7325418 ولیم مونٹگمری واٹ کی کتاب شارت ہسٹری آف اسلام میں سیرت کے واقعات اور درج کرده روایات کا تنقیدی مطالعه <p>The main purpose of this research is to make known the historical information presented by orientalist William Montgomery Watt in his book “A Short History of Islam”, which aims to present his own conceptions and the conclusion of his experience in the study of Islam and its history and beliefs as a Western reader. This study is based on some of the precautions of this Orientalist regarding the biography of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), showing them and criticizing them in case .And respond to them on the statement of validity of falsity. Here, it should be emphasized that, it is too hard to recognize the validity of what Orientalists have written, Especially those who have been interested in writing about the history of the Muslims, their culture and their faith, as the most common orientalists were their aim was to distort, slander the Misrepresentation of historical facts and events. The few who are committed to the rules of equitable scientific research, and these have been fair Muslims and their history and weighed the events and facts, balance justice and equity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sadia Begum Khulood Mukhtar Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 2 01 33 46 10.5281/zenodo.7322852 اسلامی تصوف میں مختلف نظریات کی آمیزش اور عصر حاضر میں صوفیانہ اندازکاتجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>Regarding Sufism in Islamic history, we find two groups, firstly, Ahle Sunnah Sufis, secondly, the Esoteric, in Islamic history, the Esoteric always tried to emerge under the guise of Sufism.</p> <p>Sufism has passed through different periods like other arts such as the science of interpretation, the science of hadith, the science of jurisprudence, the science of history, etc. Just like in other fields, there were people who harmed their respective fields, similarly in Sufism, we see esoteric and Mu'tazili interpretations, themes are created, and divergent opinions are seen in jurisprudential materials. Historical debates, especially debates, show immoderations. There are similar issues with regard to Sufism, but here our purpose is not to discuss the art of Sufism, but to discuss the types of Sufism that have arisen in modern times. .</p> <p>Sufism is specific form of Islamic mysticism that lays emphasis on introspection &amp; spiritual closeness with Allah Almighty. &nbsp;Sufism considers the ultimate reality and can only realized. It Shariah on the hearts of those who feel it. In Islamic terminology inner knowledge is called Sufism and the person who is called sufi. Sufism is also ornamented with modern knowledge. Every institution imports know way of but difference ties on their way of teaching same like every Sufis aim &amp; object is to introduce speared reality of Islam but difference ties in their way of preaching. In this article different style of Sufism will be discussed. In Sufism some Sufis speared Islam among through people harsh (Jalal) and some I soft way (Jamal). Although the fragrance of every flower of this garden is different but the objective is only &nbsp;&amp; only to speared the fragrance of Islam.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><br><br></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Yasir Hussain Dr.Hafiz Ghulam Anwar Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 2 01 47 60 10.5281/zenodo.7332518 الحاد کی سائنسی و تہذیبی جہات: اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>Intellectual invasion and ideological war is the one that is fought with other means instead of guns, missiles, tanks, ammunition, in an extraordinary planned and highly organized way. The mentality, education and training, society and economy of nations and Civilizations and ideas are changed. In Western thought, the open preaching of absolute freedom, the full enjoyment of life and the fulfillment of the demands of the self was done. Everything was denied except pleasure and lust, showmanship, and material gain. Religious beliefs were proved to be outdated and contrary to reason. Reason was given priority over everything. The result of which was that the people who were influenced by these thoughts and ideas in the world are accepting atheism. The number is increasing day by day. Currently, 7% of the world's total population has become atheist. According to research, their number has reached 450 to 500 million and it is continuously increasing. Atheism is not limited to Western or non-Muslim countries, but a significant number of people in Muslim countries also appear to be affected by it.</p> Sumera Rabia Dr Aqsa Tariq Ayesha Shabbir Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-12 2022-12-12 2 01 61 82 10.5281/zenodo.7427432 مولانا حميد الدين فراہی اور جمہور علماء کے نزديك اصولِ تاویل <p>This article aims to explore the principles of interpretation introduced by mainstream of scholars and Maulana Hameed Uddin Far┐h┘. His exegesis <em>Ni╘┐m ul Qur'┐n</em> is based on the principles introduced by him. It is undeniable fact that Qur'┐n is a treasure of wisdom and ocean of knowledge. The more a diver dives into the layers of this ocean, the more he benefits from the precious jewels. The verses of the Qur'┐n have been considered in every age but there are some words and verses in the Qur'an having multiple or unclear meaning which are known as <em>Mutash┐bih┐t.</em> The interpreters have tried their best to determine its meaning considering its context etc., but Maulana Hameed Uddin Fahari introduced some new principles for the purpose and classified it into three types i.e., Primary principles, Probabilistic Principles, and baseless principles. According to Maulana Far┐h┘ the latter is not a principle by itself, but he has mentioned it only to avoid it. The present article discusses it in detail.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Saifullah Kahalil Al-Azhari Inam Ur Rehman Sadia Rehman Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 83 99 10.5281/zenodo.7486475 ترکی کےنظام تعلیم کاارتقائی سفراورپاکستان کے نظام تعلیم سے تقابلی جائزہ ،ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ <p>Turkey is one of the most important Muslim states in modern era. Turkey is one of the Muslim countries where the literacy rate is much better than other Muslim countries. If it is said that Turkey can be an example for modern Muslim countries, this statement would not be an exaggeration. According to the Countrymeters report, Turkey's literacy rate in 2022 was 95.12%, while the literacy rate for 15 to 24 year-olds was 99.25%, this suggests that Turkey is one of the most developed countries in the world.</p> <p>In this article we analysis&nbsp; the Turkish education system and try to find out how Turkey achieved these victories in the field of education. After analyzing the Turkish education system, this system has been compared with the education system of Pakistan, and the fundamental flaws in Pakistan's education system have been identified in the context of Turkey's education system , and the steps to be taken for their best solution have also been discussed.</p> Dr. Nisar Akhtar Waheed Abdullah Khan Waqar Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 100 118 10.5281/zenodo.7500283 قرآن کریم میں انبیاء کرام علیہم السلام کے عربی اور غير عربی نام ( اسماء معربہ) کا لغوی و اشتقاقی مطالعہ <p>There is no doubt that The holy Quran is an unchallengeable revealed book consisting of rhetoric. And&nbsp; eloquent. All Arabs tried his best to bring up with selfsame book or one verse in terms of eloquence and rhetoric but they defeat to do so.</p> <p>So The holy Quran mentioned twenty SIX prophets names, most of whom are mentioned in the Bible as well, (non -Arabic) . but these prophets also ,mentioned&nbsp; in the holy Quran also, but what are their names in the Quran and the Bible,? We will discuss and answer these simple questions.&nbsp;</p> <p>to investigate about this wonderful and valuable topic in the holy Quran and discus about the names of the prophets which are used in the holy Quran in the Arabic language and non-Arabic.</p> <p>Selection of the name of the holy prophets was chosen due to the large number of Quranic verses. The research included on the introduction and on two kinds of prophets name:</p> <p>&nbsp;1-Arabic these are:Adam,shuaib,Salih, Muhammad</p> <p>2-Non-Arabic these are: Ibrahim, Isaac,Moses,Aaron, Elias, Aadam Nooh,Idrees,Ismail,Yaqob,Yousaf,Loot,Hood,Dawod,Sulaiman,AyoobYounas,Yasaie,Yahya,Zakaya,uzair Eisa.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Irfan Hadi Inam ur Rehman Muhammad Shuaib Yousaf Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2023-01-03 2023-01-03 2 01 119 134 10.5281/zenodo.7501087 استقرار الدولة في الأندلس <p class="Abstract" style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed;">There is no doubt that every newly emerging country must face many problems and difficulties that lead to the delay in its prosperity and development, and that stability does not come to it overnight, but rather it needs a lot of time and sacrifices in order to reach the degree of stability and prosperity. The Umayyad Islamic state in Andalusia, which went through such conditions until it reached the height of its stability, due to the great sacrifices that Muslims made for this, the political wisdom enjoyed by the Muslim caliphs, and the good administrative measure they worked with, and in this article the researcher will stand on The stages that the Andalusian state went through until it reached stability in all its political, economic, social and other forms.</p> <p class="Abstract" style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed;">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdul Basit Abdul Samad Mir Akbar Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-11-16 2022-11-16 2 01 1 14 10.5281/zenodo.7325321 ظاهرة تشويه صورة الإسلام والمسلمين في الغرب (دراسة وصفية تحليلية) <p>The dissonance between Islam and the West is old and new, as it originated since ancient times, but it is increasing and growing day after day like the spread of wildfire, and it is in fact the morbid fear of Islam or what is literally known as <em>Islamophobia</em>, perhaps dating back to the era of the emergence of Islam and the call to it, and according to the Europeans’ description of this The term is likely to return to the Crusades, about ten centuries ago, and we note this well after the events of September 11, 2001, when what is known as the phenomenon of <em>Islamophobia</em> appeared clearly in the West and the European world.</p> <p>Regarding the relationship between the distortion of the image of Islam and the fear of it, we say that there is an overlap, and a very great link between the distortion of the image of Islam and the fear of it in what is known as <em>Islamophobia</em>, considering that the second is a result of the first or vice versa. We have been exposed to the other, and we urgently need to study this phenomenon in an accurate and objective scientific study through which we show the true roots of this phenomenon, and the reasons that led to its emergence, as well as looking at ways to treat it and focus on solutions and proposals to improve the image of Islam and Muslims in the West.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Bashir Dr. Abdel Hamid kharroub Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 2 01 15 32 10.5281/zenodo.7325325 القضايا اللغوية في" أوجز المسالك إلى موطأ مالك " لمحمد زكريا الكاندهلوي قضية المرفوعات النحوية "الفاعل" أنموذجا <p>This research paper is based on Explanation of sayings of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W). The book of Hadith known as “Muata Imam Malik”. That was the first chapter wise arranged book of Hadith in the History of Hadith, after that other books has been compiled. The book “Muata Imam Malik” has been explained many times due to its importance and authenticity in Hadith and many explanations have been written all over the Islamic world. <strong><em>Al-Shaikh Zakirya</em></strong> has written its explanation in Sub-continent and commented on different matters. The main focus of this research paper on the Linguistics matters which includes: Phonetics, Morphological, Syntactical and semantic issues of Arabic Language. I have taken only one issue that is related to the “Subjective” status of a word i.e. “فاعل” the Subject in a verbal sentence. After highlighting these linguistic issues one can know the level of knowledge of this eminent scholar of Islam in general and of Sub-continent in special.</p> Dr. Zaheer Ahmad Mr. HAN KELI (Ibraheem Bin Muhammad) Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 2 01 33 44 10.5281/zenodo.7456861 تفقد أحوال التربية الإسلامية في المدارس العصرية ومسؤولياتهم <p>Besides creation of mankind, for his best upbringing and training,Allah&nbsp; almighty has blessed him with parents but with the rapidly advancing age of man, the sdemand of training are also increasing day by day. Especially when the educational age begins and social relations increase, responsibilities of educational institutions also increase to impart education and training.&nbsp; Best period of human life is spent in the educational institutions and with fellow students.&nbsp; The role of educational institutions is imperative in shaping life, ability and to accomplish the mission but it is a pity that today our Institutions are only delivering unspiritual education to our new generation, they are unfamiliar with the name of Islamic training. I will try to review the practices of Islamic training being followed in the Institutions and Their responsibility, so that the situation becomes clear.</p> <p>Besides creation of mankind, for his best upbringing and training, Allah almighty has blessed him with parents but with the rapidly advancing age of man, the demands of training are also increasing day by day. Especially when the educational age begins and social relations increase, responsibilities of educational institutions also increase to impart education and training.&nbsp; Best period of human life is spent in the educational institutions and with fellow students.&nbsp; The role of educational institutions is imperative in shaping life, ability and to accomplish the mission but it is a pity that today our Institutions are only delivering unspiritual education to our new generation, they are unfamiliar with the name of Islamic training. I will try to review the practices of Islamic training being followed in the Institutions and Their responsibility, so that the situation becomes clear.</p> Dr.Sabir Ullah Mrs Sadia Rehman Dr. Aminullah Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 2 01 45 60 10.5281/zenodo.7466351 منهج الإمام ابن حبان في تعارض الرفع والوقف في كتابه "التقاسيم والأنواع" <p>This article discusses about the discrepancy between al- Rafa wal Wqaf, which is a most difficult, and intricate branch of Ilm -Ul- Ilal al Hadiths.</p> <p>Before Imam Hiban's time, more than fifty years, there was a contradictory on the&nbsp;reporting of the Hadith. Presumptions are the last arbitrator in the viewpoint of contemporary critics, who lack a conclusive conclusion in this issue. If the presumptions are favoring Rafa they consider it as Rafa, and if presumptions are favoring Wqaf it is taken as Wqaf. While the predecessors of ulamas in this field, in contrast, are like mathematical equations with their own standards for evaluating the chain of Hadith.&nbsp; Even if there are many narrators for the Waqf Hadith, if the Rafa Hadith narrators are credible, they accept it. In this study I focus upon the question that, what is Imam Hiban's point of view in the book "Al-taqaseem Wal-anwaa"</p> Muhammad Inam Ul Haq Dr. Bashir Ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 2 01 61 77 10.5281/zenodo.7467471 الإمام أبو الحسن علي الندوي و جهوده في مجال الأدب الإسلامي <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>دكتور/حبيب نواز، رئيس قسم اللغات الباكستانية، الجامعة الوطنية للغات الحديثة، إسلام آباد</p> <p><strong>Hasan Tahir Rasul</strong></p> <p><strong>Researcher In Majlis Ul Buhoos Al Islami for Spicialisation in Hadees &amp; Arabic Literature, Rawal pindi Pak.</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The erudite scholarship of Imam Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi Rahimahullah became world-renowned in his own lifetime, and unsurprisingly so - being one of the key scholars of the twentieth century who redrew the attention of the Ummah towards seeking Arabic literature from sources more Islamic than sufficing on the likes of poets such as Imru'ul-Qays which had dominated Arabic literature studies for centuries.</p> <p>Furthermore, these scholars also re-emphasised the fact that the Qur'aan Majeed and the Ahaadeeth of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) were both the fundamental and greatest sources of Arabic literature, and also provided the poetry of Hassan bin Thabit (Radhiyallahu Anhu) as evidence that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) himself promoted excellence in this field.</p> <p>Thus, in this paper we have mentioned some of the contributions of Imam Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi in the field of Arabic literature and more specifically Islamic Arabic literature; thereby attempting to prove that Imam Abul Hasan Rahimahullah was from the first people to recall towards Islamic Arabic literature, providing testimonies of leading scholars of the field to further cement&nbsp;this&nbsp;claim.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Muhammad Ayub Al Rasheedi Dr. Habib Nawaz Hasan Tahir Rasul Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 78 92 10.5281/zenodo.7490879 An Overview of Colonial and Post-colonial Punjabi Literature <p><a href="#_ftn3" name="_ftnref3"></a>his article explore the relationship between colonialism and Punjabi literature. To better understand this relationship a comparison of colonial and postcolonial Punjabi literature is presented. Colonial Punjabi Literature is influenced by the Imperial process of colonization. New themes and genres were introduced during Colonial period of Punjabi Literature. Reaction and resistance against colonizers is also a dominant theme of Punjabi literature produced during colonial period. Post-colonial writers restructured the imported colonial art-forms to assimilate the style, structure, and themes of native styles of literary expression. They expressed new themes in in literary genres introduced during colonial period. Visible changes in the style, structure and themes of Punjabi Literature are found in Post-colonial period. Overall, colonization has its positive as well as negative impacts on Punjabi Literature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Historical Background of Punjabi Literature</strong></p> <p>Punjabi literary history is divided into four periods. Early Punjabi literature (11<sup>th</sup>-15<sup>th</sup> century), Mughal and Sikhs periods (16<sup>th</sup> century to 1857), the colonial period (1858-1947) and Post-independence literature (1947 to date). Post independence period is further divided into two categories that west Punjab (Pakistan) and east Punjab (India). This article presents a brief comparison of the two periods i.e. the Colonial period and post-independence period with focus on west Punjabi literature.</p> <p>The Colonial Period (1858-1947)</p> Dr. Muhammad Ali Dinakhel Dr. Syed Zafarullah Bakhshali Dr. Noor Ul Amin Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 2 01 1 8 10.5281/zenodo.7457102 A Critical Analysis of Terminological Prejudices of Western Media on Islam <p>In the last few decades, the Western media has waged a war against the identity to victims of the followers of Islam. The media is being used as a tool to create widespread excitement and misunderstanding in the of Islamophobia. When reporting crimes and terrorism in the media, Islamic terms are used in such a way, which create a negative impression about Islam. These terms are removed from the religious context in such a way that their original meanings and concepts go into the background and new meanings created by the media become popular. Similarly, misleading statements and misrepresentations made in the media to spread fear against Muslims are commonly known as 'Islamophobia'. The bias of the Western media: The general concept of Islam propagated by the media houses states that "all believers in Islam are one and the same". Separation,&nbsp; walling and defaming Muslims around the world. This general conception of Islam is a creation of Western Orientalism, which makes non-Western cultures contradict the West. Following this Orientalism, Muslims are portrayed as alien, strange, backward and irrational groups. This can be observed when a Muslim is found to be involved in a crime, while the majority of Muslims show disengagement from his crime, but still the entire Muslim Ummah should be forcibly linked to that person's crime. Within Islam, there are many schools of thought, diverse populations and individuals and groups with diverse cultures, which can be called a Muslim Ummah in terms of basic beliefs and faith, but they cannot be brought into a general identity in any way. ۔ No other person in the world can be held responsible for the actions of an individual or a group of individuals. But while giving a general identity to all the followers of Islam, the media blames the entire Ummah for the actions of an individual or a few individuals, it is an attack on the religious identity of all Muslims as well as the accused. This article is an attempt to describe a critical analysis of Prejudicial Attacks on Islam on the Western Media.</p> Dr. Farhat Aziz Dr. Samina Saadia Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 2 01 9 18 10.5281/zenodo.7379417 "WAHDAT-AL-WUJUD" AND "WAHDAT-AL-SHUHUD" WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AZEEMIA SCHOOL OF THOUGHT <p>The dispute between “Wahdat-al-Wujud” and “Wahdat-al-Shuhud” is an important issue that has been discussed by various Sufi thinkers/philosophers. Three main names in the context of this issue are Ibn-al-Arabi, Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi and Shah Wali-Allah. Ibn-al-Arabi, the advocate of Wahdat-al-Wujud, argues that Divine Being is One and that is God. The created beings such as world or universe including ideas, systems of thought and angels are nothing but just manifestations (Tajalli) or emanations of Divine attributes (Divine Names). Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi, criticizing Ibn-al-Arabi, introduced the concept of duality within unity. He argues, God has created universe form non-being; which is not the Being of God. He argues God and His attributes (Dhat and Sifat) are not identical. Shah Wali-Allah, attempts to reconcile the dispute. He concludes that this disagreement is merely a verbal dispute. This article delineates M Azeem’s solution to the problem. He argues that the disagreement is genuine and it is created by human mind. He claims to presents a better solution.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Awais Shuja Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 2 01 19 32 10.5281/zenodo.7349822 INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS AND ITS VALIDITY IN ISLĀMIC LAW <p>The rise of e-commerce, a colossal growth and a significant increase has occurred in all aspects of business life throughout the world. The conducting of business activities via the Internet, specifically, has played a vital role in the development of business and economical sectors in different parts of the world. Primarily, business activities conducted electronically were not specifically regulated because it was generally perceived that regulations may disturb and hinder the expansion of electronic commerce. However, as a result of the remarkable growth of electronic market activities globally, many legal disputes and concerns have raised. This demonstrates the need for regulation to govern the new activities. It is essential for Muslims to implement Islāmic rules in every aspect of their life including commercial ones. From a purely business point of view, Islām has provided its followers with general guidelines which must not be ignored or infringed. This research paper is meant to study the Islāmic perspective in e-commerce, particularly in its transactions. Issues on the legality of e-commerce in Islām are examined to expose to the Muslims around the world so that they could benefit from this new technology if it is proved legitimate and acceptable in Islām.</p> Hazrat Bilal Dr. Abdul Qadir Abdul Wahid Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 2 01 33 43 10.5281/zenodo.7473651 Ideological and Constitutional Foundation of Gender Equality in Pakistan: An Appraisal <p>The concept of Gender Equality is not innovative. It has taken place with the birth of Adam and Eve when their rights and duties were defined. In various societies, various scholars and philosophers interpreted it according to their understanding and socio-cultural, moral-religious, and political milieu. The founders of Pakistan – Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah – also remained strong advocate of Gender Equality. Keeping in view the broader perspective guidelines of the founders of Pakistan, the framers of constitutions in Pakistan incorporated various provisions to safeguard the legitimate rights of man and woman and other neglected or weaker communities in a society; and also to discourage discrimination in all its manifestations. In this study, the concept of gender equality fundamentally means policies based on sexual indiscrimination especially. This study is mainly qualitative in nature.</p> Dr. Amir Ullah Khan Syed Naeem Badshah Dr. Shabana Noreen Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulumma 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 41 51 10.5281/zenodo.7483527 Alcohol and its uses under Islamic scope <p>Alcohol derived from honey, wheat, barley or corn is haram when used as an intoxicant, in an amount that intoxicates. But, if not used in any such manner, and intended to use for medical purpose, hygiene, perfume, etc., then it would be permissible. There are some&nbsp;<a href="">faqīhs</a>, particularly of the Hanafi school, who take the concept of khamr literally and forbid only grape-based (or date-based) alcoholic beverages, allowing those made with other fruits, grains, or honey. This is, however, a minority opinion.Alcohol in Islam, Basically the world's&nbsp;<a href="">religions</a>&nbsp;have had differing relationships with&nbsp;<a href="">alcohol</a>. Many religions forbid alcoholic consumption or see it as&nbsp;<a href="">sinful</a>&nbsp;or negative. Others have allocated a specific place for it, such as in the Christian practice of using wine during the&nbsp;<a href="">Eucharist</a>&nbsp;rite. But according to Islam there is a&nbsp;<a href="">consensus</a>&nbsp;among&nbsp;theologians that the word&nbsp;<a href="">khamr</a>, meaning "intoxicants", refers to alcohol and all similar kind of beverages causing drunkenness, and that alcohol consumption is prohibited by&nbsp;<a href="">Islam</a>&nbsp;because it weakens the conscience of the believer. But on the other hand modern world is using alcohol as a preserver in different ways, so this article may highlight the correct ways of using of alcohol according to Islamic teachings.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Haris Ullah Syed Hidayat Ullah jan Dr.Muhammad ShuaibYousaf Copyright (c) 2022 Khairulummah 2022-12-25 2022-12-25 2 01 52 57 10.5281/zenodo.7501820