Khairulummah 2024-05-04T10:45:55+00:00 Prof .Dr.Shafiq ur Rehman Open Journal Systems <p>Khairulumma having ISSN No (2790-329x) is the trilingual (English, Urdu, Arabic) biannual research journal of Islamic Studies, which publishes papers in the field of Islamic Studies and Arabic having the features of creativeness and enquiry; however, it encourages the papers dealing with the Socio-Religious issues.</p> اختلاف القراءات القرآنية وأثره في مسائل العقيدة 2024-05-04T10:45:55+00:00 Dr. Fasihullah Abdul-Baqi Abdurrahman Hasankhil Hasbanullah Mutawakil <p>In the Arabic language, “Qira’at” encompasses both recitation and verbal expression. It refers not only to the act of reciting but also to the spoken or written word. In the realm of Islamic terminology, “Qira’aat” specifically denotes the variations in the wording of the Qur’anic revelation, particularly in the pronunciation of individual letters. The study of these recitations constitutes a distinct field of inquiry, focusing on the nuanced differences in how the Holy Qur’an is articulated. The foundation of Qur’anic recitations lies in their authenticity, traced back to reliable sources. These diverse recitations introduce variations in the way verses are recited, allowing readers to approach the same text from different angles. Jurists, in turn, derive multiple legal rulings based on these variations. Matters of belief are intricately intertwined with these recitations, impacting theological concepts related to divinity, prophecy, the unseen, and the consequences of human actions. The effect of these differences in Qur’anic readings is palpable and multifaceted. Through this study and analysis, we explore these intricacies, elucidating the impact of various recitations. By delving into multiple examples, we deepen our understanding of the Book of God Almighty and fortify our Islamic beliefs.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah غزلیاتِ ناسخ ؔ میں امام الاانبیا ؐ سے مُتصل تلمیحات کا اجمالی جائزہ 2023-12-26T14:51:34+00:00 Uzma Noreen Mohsin Khalid Mohsin <p style="text-align: justify; text-indent: .5in; margin: 0in .5in .0001pt .5in;"><span style="color: #252525;">This paper covers a brief review of the allusions attributed to the events and stories related to the biography and personality of the Holy Prophet in the ghazals of Sheikh Imam Bakhsh Naskh. In this article, the poetic expression of devotion and devotion to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) have been explained in the context of the art of allusion, the purpose of which is to describe the biography and personality of the claimant of the completion of the religion of Islam in the background of the art of talmeeh. Expressions of devotion are to be brought forward. This paper is a poetic expression of a Muslim's devotion to the Prophets and his love and affection for the Prophet (PBUH), which aims to justify the importance of the art of hinting in the genre of ghazal and the poetic statement of the religious and personal context.</span></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah عہدنبویﷺمیں تعلیمی اداروں کا قیام سیرت کی روشنی میں 2024-02-14T04:33:46+00:00 Durdana Farooq Salma Khanum Qayam ullah <p>The above-mentioned statements of Islamic historians and biographers make this fact very clear that: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to invite the Muslims who came here to Islam, and those who came here used to leave blessed. And he struggled for the exaltation of Islam. Multa used to teach him the call and commandments of the religion of Islam. Yes, madrasahs were not organized like today, but whoever wanted to learn education would come and attend the service of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and learn the commandments.</p> <p>Dar al-Raqam was a center of comfort for the Muslims, especially the poor, oppressed and oppressed and slaves used to come and take shelter here.</p> <p>Here, the duties of remembrance of Allah and sermons were also performed continuously. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pray together with his followers. It is also clear from Hazrat Khabab's statement that the benefactor of humanity used to pray to Allah Almighty here even at night for God's guidance.</p> <p>In this house, the performance of the preachers of Islam was evaluated, future plans of preaching were made and the hard work of training the preachers themselves was also done. Among the trained teachers of Dar al-Raqam, Hazrat Abu Bakr, Khabab bin Alarat, Abdullah bin Masoud and Musab bin Umayr are particularly noteworthy.</p> <p>Dar al-Raqam was the "Dar al-Islam" as well as the "Dar al-Shura" for the Muslims, in which future preaching plans were made through mutual consultation. The decision to migrate to Abyssinia was also decided here through mutual consultation, and this place had the same place in the history of Islam as Darulandah had with the Quraish.</p> <p>The refuge of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in Dar al-Raqam was a history-making stage and it was also an event like Halaf al-Fadhul, Harb al-Fajr and Aam al-Fail. The Meccans also determine the events that happened in the era of Prophethood in terms of before and after the entry of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) into Dar al-Raqam.</p> <p>Hazrat Arqam was one of those people who were exalted by the wealth of Islam and he dedicated his house for educational, training and da'wah activities in the beginning. Jumki was considered the most important center for spreading Islam during his period.</p> <p>In the light of different statements of historians, it can be said that the period of stay of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in Dar al-Raqam was more than one year.</p> <p>The infidels were fully aware of the refuge of the Meccan Muslims in Dar al-Raqqam; however, they were not aware of the inner activities and plans of Dar al-Raqqam.</p> <p>There is also a clear indication of the presence of the Companions in Sha'ab Abi Talib. As much as the revelation was revealed during this period of siege, surely the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would have taught it to the Companions in Shub Abi Talib and here the Companions would also discuss religious matters. In this sense, the community of Abi Talib can also be described as a da'wah center of the Makkah era of Prophethood, where the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his companions were engaged in teaching and preaching for three years.</p> <p>The last thing is that we should learn from the teachings of the Holy Prophet in the present age. In the above lines, the propagation and propagation of Islam in the Makkah and Madani period has been presented with great wisdom and expediency. This is a model for all humanity.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah مخطوطات شعرية مختارة من قصائد أحمد المقري سعيد: "دراسة امتصاصية نصية" 2023-12-03T06:50:24+00:00 IBRAHIM KHALIL ADAM ABDULKABEER MUHAMMAD JAMIU Amna BiBi <p>The text is a unique structural linguistic sound that adopts other text for its effectuation, the absorptive texts which are formulated from the linguistic profusions and eloquent expressions are imbricated in Ahmad Maqari’s poems for strengthening their words, enriching their meanings, affirming their conceptions, stabilizing their expressions. This article aims to study the significances of absorptive texts and the aesthetical style of the selected poems, the extent of which absorptive texts are interpenetrated with their influences in composing the poems together with their textual relationships by establishing linguistic mechanisms. It attends to analyse the sources of absorptive texts found in the poems, it discusses the functions of the absorptive texts, their linguistic and textual contents in the poems. it is designed to investigate the compatibility of absorptive texts in the poems. It employs the analytical and descriptive methods to investigate the components of absorptive words and meanings that are present in the selected poems in other to expose their potential delinquencies, significances and values. The article concludes that the absorptive texts are present in the poems and bestow them with perfected words, compatible meanings, excellent texts, proficient method, efficient formation, harmonized accuracy, symmetrical expressions and magnificent lyrics.</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation" data-ved="2ahUKEwjE9e63lvOCAxXgRaQEHbsLChQQ3ewLegQIBRAQ"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation" data-ved="2ahUKEwjE9e63lvOCAxXgRaQEHbsLChQQ3ewLegQIBRAQ"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation" data-ved="2ahUKEwjE9e63lvOCAxXgRaQEHbsLChQQ3ewLegQIBRAQ"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></pre> 2023-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah خطاب الإرهاب وتبعاته على النص الديني دراسة نصية سياقية۔ 2023-12-03T07:00:10+00:00 Dr. Amin Yehudah Amna BiBi Dr. Abdel Shakur Yousef Ishaq Dr. Shakila Rafiq <pre class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation" data-ved="2ahUKEwjE9e63lvOCAxXgRaQEHbsLChQQ3ewLegQIBRAQ">&nbsp;</pre> <p>The terrorism has been a source of concern for human societies, indeed the non-Muslims participate in manufacture of terrorism as some Muslim participate,&nbsp; for this reason, the groups of terrorism has been developed in the name of Islam and Islam is innocent of them, these groups are kill and destroy, and their terrors operations are justified by religious texts. This paper attempts to study how terrorists build their personal understanding on some verses in the holy Qur’an to justify what are doing against humanities and its civilizations, and also paper analyses some Qur’an and Hadis texts that terrorist depend on it, The study adopts the descriptive and normative methods to find the research results.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation" data-ved="2ahUKEwjE9e63lvOCAxXgRaQEHbsLChQQ3ewLegQIBRAQ">&nbsp;</pre> 2023-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah حقوق الأقليات في الإسلام (دراسة احصائية) 2024-03-20T13:52:37+00:00 Dr. Abdul Majeed Baghdadi <p>Islam is a religion of justice, equality, and fairness, and its teachings are based on ease, moderation, tolerance, and the removal of embarrassment. Its provisions are general to all eras and regions, and include all sectors of human life, whether religious, devotional, social, political, economic, international, and other life activities that abound in societies. Based on the principle of generality and eternity in this Hanafi law, which is binding on those who are responsible, and based on the rule of justice and equality, which is considered one of the most important and solid rules of Islamic society, the minorities that have agreed to live under the Islamic state, which does not treat anyone unfairly, and only leads to the happiness of all.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah AN ANALYSIS OF THE THEMES OF IDENTITY AND SENSE OF BELONGING IN THE PASHTO LITERARY WORKS OF AFGHAN REFUGEES FROM 1979 TO 1989 2023-11-16T04:42:22+00:00 Muhammad Ali Dinakhel, Neelam Farid <p>This study has made an analysis of the Afghan refugees’ literature during the period of one decade from 1979 to 1989, the time of Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The period of that one decade, when there was the tumult and crisis of war, millions of Afghans were forced to flee away from their homeland to other lands, including Iran, Europe, USA, Germany and Pakistan. The larger number of Afghan refugees came for shelter to the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, which included different classes of the Afghan society. There were poets, writers, intellectuals, researchers and university teachers amongst those almost three million refugees, who continued with their writings and different literary activities, mostly in Peshawar. The study covers the writings of Peshawar-based Afghan refugees, with dominant Diasporic elements, as the tragedy was not an ordinary one, over which writers continue to write even today and will continue to write in future. Diaspora is a significant phenomenon in the history of many nations, which always leave a profound impact on the thinking and outlook of its ordinary masses and also on its writers and poets. The tragedy of homeless people is beyond measure as homelessness is followed by numerous issues with refugees everywhere in the world. The Afghan refugees were also confronted with the universal Diasporic issues, which is clearly perceptible in the writings of Afghan Diasporic poets and writers. The Afghan Diaspora had another important aspect as well. The refugees in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were either pro-communism or anti-communism. The refugees, who were anti-communism, were larger in number, so, during the Afghan Jihad against communism, the anti-communists promoted Jihadi propaganda, thus producing Jihadi literature. The study covers the analysis of the poetry, prose and jihadi literature of the Afghan Diaspora during the decade of 1979 to 1989.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah The Categorisation of Society and the Treatment of Zimmis in the Early History of Islam 2024-01-09T10:45:12+00:00 Dr. Salman Bangash Dr. Muhammad Daniyal Khan <p><em>Zimmis, non-Muslim subjects of the Islamic polity, were liable to pay a capitulation tax or jizya. The Holy Prophet (SAW) established good relations with Jews and Christians but preferred the expulsion of Jews from Madina. Governors like Walid bin Uqba and Amir Muawia demonstrated religious tolerance towards Christians. During Hisham bin Abdul Malik's reign, zimmi were granted full religious liberty, but Umayyad governors were less liberal and subjected them to persecution. Governorial policies towards non-converts were harsh, with the adoption of the Arabic language in financial jargon and an Arabic coinage system.</em></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah Peace, its dimensions and relation with some Islamic notions: An overview 2024-01-10T00:25:33+00:00 Zulfiqar Ali Dr.Farhat Naseem Alvi <p>Peace remains imperative for human beings and their prosperity and development at large.That’s why Islam is a great supporter of peace and it wants to wipe out all the factors and reasons that cause danger to peace. Most importantly, The word Islam means peace and security as well. A great number of Quranic verses and Hadiths mention the importance, establishment and precepts of peace. As wars and conflicts are the killer of peace.So,Islam gives clear and expressive teachings for eliminations of them and promotes international and global peace view for the safety, sanctity, protection and security of the world as a whole. I want to give brief overview of peace in light of Islamic view and outlook.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"></a></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah The Islamic Glorious Epoch through the March of History 2024-01-18T10:44:36+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Daniyal Khan Dr. Salman Bangash <p><em>This study discusses the key elements that developed Islam's "Golden Age" and their contributions. Beginning with the reign of Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid (c. 786–809) and concluding with the Abbasid Caliphate's fall with the Mongol invasions and the sack of Baghdad in 1258 CE, this period of Islamic growth lasted nearly five centuries.&nbsp; On the other hand, some scholars define Islam's Golden Age more broadly and across a longer period of time.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>All concur, however, that the Golden Age represents a truly remarkable period in human history that spans several centuries and includes the exceptional accomplishments of Islamic scholars, humanists, and scientists across a wide range of disciplines, including finance, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and Islamic and European monetary systems.&nbsp; The main contributions to human progress made by the Abbasid, Fatimid, and Umayyad dynasties in Baghdad, Cairo, and Andalusia are briefly listed here. It also provides several examples of the lasting contributions made by the Islamic Golden Age from antiquity to the present, many of which laid the foundation for a prosperous future for both Islamic societies and the world at large.</em></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah Teachings of Islam for Peaceful Coexistence: Lessons for Conflict Resolution in Pakistani Society 2024-01-17T08:39:21+00:00 Syed Bilal Shah Dr.Saira Gul Dr.samiul haq <p><em>Pakistan since its independence has faced various incidents of violence against minorities and people of different faiths. Political instability, dictatorships, conflicts with neighboring India, conflicts in Afghanistan and militancy in Baluchistan province has always been a threat to stability and development in Pakistan. During the cold war era, the interpretations of the teachings of Islam influenced by political gains have caused widespread problems in our society and specifically the war-ridden areas. The consequences of which we are bearing even till today. This study will have an overview of the history of violence and conflicts in Pakistan, and the underlying causes of these conflicts. This research investigates the historical data from the teachings of Islam and the conflict resolution illustrations from the life of the Prophet of Islam, Peace be upon him.</em></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Khairulummah